Credit facilities

Metso uses a variety of credit facilities to finance its operations in the short and long run.

The objective of Metso's debt financing is to safeguard ongoing business operations and to optimize the cost of capital. As part of our strategy, our goal is to maintain an investment grade rating. The Group Treasury has the objective to secure the availability of funds for operations and capital expenditure, including acquisitions, and to arrange funding at competitive terms and conditions and from several different sources. Group Treasury is responsible for relationships with banks and other financial institutions. Metso currently has sufficient financial resources to meet its financial needs.

Metso is credit rated by Standard & Poor's on a frequent basis. They assign Metso with long- and short-term ratings together with an outlook statement. Metso was rated by Moody’s until September 21, 2015. If Moody's continues to rate Metso's existing outstanding bonds, these ratings will be based on publicly available information only.

Standard & Poor's rating


Long-term rating


Short-term rating



Standard & Poor's rating history
Moody's rating history


EUR 1,500 million EMTN Programme
Revolving credit facility
EUR 500 million Commercial paper program

Financial risk management

As a global company, Metso is exposed to a variety of business and financial risks. Financial risks are managed centrally by the Group Treasury under annually reviewed written policies approved by the Board of Directors. Treasury operations are monitored by the Treasury Management Team chaired by the CFO. Group Treasury identifies, evaluates and hedges financial risks in close co-operation with the operating units. Group Treasury functions as counterparty to the operating units, manages centrally external funding and is responsible for the management of financial assets and appropriate hedging measures. The objective of financial risk management is to minimize potential adverse effects on Metso’s financial performance.

Sensitivity analysis

Sensitivity analysis figures presented in connection with different financial risks are based on the risk exposures at the balance sheet date. The sensitivity is calculated by assuming a change in one of the risk factors of a financial instrument, such as interest or currency. It is not likely that the future volatility of a risk factor will develop in accordance with the test assumptions and that only one factor would be impacted.

When calculating the sensitivity, Metso has chosen to use market conventions in assuming a one percentage point (100 basis points) variation in interest rates, 10 percent change in foreign exchange rates and in commodity prices because this provides better comparability from one period to another and information on the volatility to users of financial statements. Metso is aware that such assumptions may not be realistic when compared to past volatility and they are not intended to reflect the future. Metso has chosen not to use past volatility as this could mislead the users of financial statements to assume the analysis reflect management’s view on future volatility of the financial instruments.

Liquidity and refinancing risk and capital structure management

Liquidity or refinancing risk arises when a company is not able to arrange funding at terms and conditions corresponding to its creditworthiness. Sufficient cash, short-term investments and committed and uncommitted credit facilities are maintained to protect short-term liquidity. Diversification of funding among different markets and adequate number of financial institutions is used to safeguard the availability of liquidity at all times. Group Treasury monitors bank account structures, cash balances and forecasts of the operating units and manages the utilization of the consolidated cash resources.

The liquidity position of the Group remained strong supported by the solid cash flow from operations, maturity structure of the funding and the available back up credit facilities. During the year a bank loan with a nominal value EUR 211 million and private placements with total nominal value EUR 69 million matured and were repaid. At the end of 2018 liquid funds amounted to EUR 426 million (EUR 826 million in 2017). Liquid funds consist of cash and cash equivalents amounted to EUR 332 million (EUR 519 million in 2017) and deposits and securities with maturity over three months EUR 94 million (EUR 307 million in 2017). Additionally, committed undrawn credit facilities amounted to EUR 500 million (EUR 500 million in 2017) and committed undrawn European Investment Bank loan facility to EUR 40 million (EUR 40 million in 2017). The syndicated revolving credit facility matures in June 2021. Additionally, the uncommitted Finnish Commercial Paper program totaling EUR 500 million can be utilized for funding.

Metso’s refinancing risk is managed by balancing the proportion of short-term and long-term debt as well as the average remaining maturity of long-term debt. The tables below analyze the repayments and interests on Metso’s liabilities by the remaining maturities from the balance sheet date to the contractual maturity date. The net interest payments of interest rate swaps hedging long-term loans are included in the long-term debt repayment figures.

Maturities of debts


As of December 31






EUR million 

<1 year

15 years

>5 years

<1   year

1–5 years

>5   years

Long-term debt



















Short-term debt





















Trade payables







Other liabilities







Metso total







Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk arises when changes in market interest rates and interest margins influence finance costs, returns on financial investments and valuation of interest bearing balance sheet items. Interest rate risks are managed by balancing the ratio between fixed and floating interest rates and administrating duration of debt and investment portfolios. Additionally, Metso may use derivative instruments such as forward rate agreements, swaps, options and futures contracts to mitigate the risks arising from interest bearing assets and liabilities. The interest rate risk is managed and controlled by the Group Treasury and measured using sensitivity analysis and duration of long term debt. The duration 1) of long term debt was 2.9 years on December 31, 2018 (2.3 years in 2017).

At the end of 2018 the balance sheet items exposed to interest rate risk were interest bearing assets of EUR 423 million (EUR 829 million in 2017) and interest-bearing debt of EUR 598 million (EUR 853 million in 2017). Of the total interest-bearing debt 93 percent (70 percent in 2017) was denominated in EUR.

The basis for the interest rate sensitivity analysis is an aggregate group level interest exposure, composed of interest bearing assets, interest bearing debt and financial derivatives, such as interest rate swaps, which are used to hedge the underlying exposures. For all interest bearing current debt and assets to be fixed during next 12 months a one percentage point move upwards or downwards in interest rates with all other variables held constant would have an effect on Metso’s net interest expenses, net of taxes, of EUR +/– 0.7 million (EUR +/– 1.4 million in 2017).

For financial assets valued at fair value, a one percentage point change upwards or downwards in all interest rates with all other variables held constant would have following effects, net of taxes, in income statement and equity:

EUR million



Effects in



Income statement

+/-   1.5

+/- 1.1


+/-   0.0

+/- 0.1

The effect in the income statement comprises the changes in the fair value of financial instruments which are directly recognized in the income statement as well as financial instruments under fair value hedge accounting. The effect in the equity is comprised of the changes in the fair value of derivatives qualifying as effective cash flow hedge instruments for long-term floating rate debt.

Foreign exchange risk

Metso operates globally and is exposed to foreign exchange risk in several currencies, although the geographical diversity of operations decreases the significance of any individual currency. About 80 percent of Metso’s sales originate from outside the euro zone; the main currencies being Euro, US dollar, Australian dollar, Chilean peso, Chinese yuan and Indian rupee.

Transaction exposure

Foreign exchange transaction exposure arises when an operating unit has commercial or financial transactions and payments in other than its own functional currency, and when related cash inflow and outflow amounts are not equal or concurrent.

In accordance with the Metso Treasury Policy, operating units are required to hedge in full the foreign currency exposures on balance sheet and other firm commitments. Future cash flows denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the unit are hedged with internal foreign exchange contracts with the Group Treasury for periods, which do not usually exceed two years. Operating units also do some hedging directly with banks in countries, where regulation does not allow corporate internal cross-border contracts.

Group Treasury monitors the net position of each currency and decides to what extent a currency position is to be closed. Group Treasury is however responsible for entering into external forward transaction whenever an operating unit applies hedge accounting. Metso Treasury Policy defines upper limits on the open currency exposures managed by the Group Treasury; limits have been calculated on the basis of their potential profit impact. To manage the foreign currency exposure Group Treasury may use forward exchange contracts and foreign exchange options.

Total amount of foreign currency exposures on December 31 was as follows:

EUR million



Operational items



Financial items






Total exposure



This aggregate group level currency exposure is the basis for the sensitivity analysis of foreign exchange risk. This exposure, net of respective hedges, is composed of all assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, projected cash flows for unrecognized firm commitments, both short- and long-term sales and purchase contracts and anticipated operational cash flows to the extent their realization has been deemed highly probable and therefore hedged. This analysis excludes net foreign currency investments in subsidiaries together with instruments hedging these investments.

Assuming euro to appreciate or depreciate ten percent against all other currencies, the impact on cash flows, net of taxes, derived from the year-end net exposure as defined above, would be EUR +/– 0.7 million (EUR -/+ 2.8 million in 2017). Transaction exposure is spread in about 35 currencies and as of December 31, 2018, the biggest open exposures were in US dollar, 22 percent, and Swedish krona, 18 percent.

A sensitivity analysis of financial instruments as required by IFRS 7, excludes following items: projected cash flows for unrecognized firm commitments, advance payments, both short- and long-term purchase contracts and anticipated operational cash flows. The next table presents the effects, net of taxes, of a +/- 10 percent change in EUR foreign exchange rates:




EUR million






Effects in






     Income statement












Effect in equity is the fair value change in derivatives contracts qualifying as cash flow hedges for unrecognized firm commitments. Effect in income statement is the fair value change for all other financial instruments exposed to foreign exchange risk including derivatives, which qualify as cash flow hedges, to the extent the underlying sales transaction, recognized under the percentage of completion method, has been recognized as revenue.

Translation risk

Foreign exchange translation exposure arises when the equity of a subsidiary is denominated in currency other than the functional currency of the Parent Company. The major translation exposures are in Chinese yuan, Brazilian real, Chilean peso and Swedish krona, which altogether comprise approximately 60 percent of the total equity exposure. Metso is currently not hedging any equity exposure.

Commodity risk

Metso is exposed to variations in prices of raw materials and of supplies. Metso units identify their commodity price hedging needs and hedges are executed through the Group Treasury using approved counterparties and instruments. Hedging is done on a rolling basis with a declining hedging level over time.

All electricity forwards have matured during the year, thus as of December 31, 2018, Metso does not
have any outstanding electricity forwards.

To reduce its exposure to the volatility caused by the surcharge for certain metal alloys (Alloy Adjustment Factor) comprised in the price of stainless steel charged by its suppliers, Metso has entered into average-price swap agreements for nickel. The Alloy Adjustment Factor is based on monthly average prices of its components of which nickel is the most significant. As of December 31, 2018, Metso had outstanding nickel swaps amounting to 288 tons (270 tons in 2017).

The sensitivity analysis of the commodity prices based on financial instruments under IFRS 7 comprises the net aggregate amount of commodities bought through forward contracts and swaps but excludes the anticipated future consumption of raw materials. A 10 percent change upwards or downwards in commodity prices would have effects, net of taxes, of EUR +/– 0.2 million to income statement in year 2018 and in the range of EUR +/–0.0–0.2 million to income statement and equity in year 2017.

As cash flow hedge accounting has been applied, the effective portion of electricity forwards is recognized in equity. The ineffective portion is recognized through profit and loss. Hedge accounting is not applied to nickel agreements, and the change in the fair value is recorded through profit and loss.

Other commodity risks are not managed using financial derivative instruments.

Credit and counterparty risk

Credit or counterparty risk is defined as the possibility of a customer or a financial counterparty not fulfilling its commitments towards Metso. The operating units of Metso are primarily responsible for credit risks pertaining to sales and procurement activities. The units assess the credit quality of their customers, by taking into account their financial position, past experience and other relevant factors. When appropriate, advance payments, letters of credit and third party guarantees or credit insurance are used to mitigate credit risks. Group Treasury provides centralized services related to customer financing and seeks to ensure that the principles of the Treasury Policy are adhered to with respect to terms of payment and required collateral. Metso has no significant concentrations of credit risks.

The maximum credit risk equals the carrying value of trade and loan receivables. The credit quality is evaluated both on the basis of aging of the trade receivables and also on the basis of customer specific analysis. The aging structure of trade receivables is presented in note 2.2 in the 2018 Financial Statements.

Counterparty risk arises also from financial transactions agreed upon with banks, financial institutions and corporates. The risk is managed by careful selection of banks and other counterparties, by counterparty specific limits determined in the Treasury Policy, and netting agreements such as ISDA (Master agreement of International Swaps and Derivatives Association). The compliance with counterparty limits is regularly monitored.

Credit risk exposure relates to carrying value of financial assets valued at amortized cost, such as trade receivables, interest bearing receivables, other receivables, deposits and security investments and cash and cash equivalents, and customer contract assets.

Impairment on cash on hand, bank accounts, deposits and interest- bearing investments is assessed regularly, but seen minor, because of their high investment grade and short duration. Group Treasury makes a financial analysis of corporate counterparties regularly. In addition, the investments are constantly monitored by Group Treasury and Metso does not expect any future credit losses from these investments.

For trade receivables and customer contract assets Metso applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses, which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance to be assessed
and recognized regularly, see Financial Statements for 2018 note 2.2.

Standard & Poors credit note on the acquisition of McCloskey on June 10 Download
Moody's Credit Report May 2019 Download
Standard & Poor's Credit Report March 27, 2018 Download
Metso EMTN Prospectus April 2018 Download