Vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers

Vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers

Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers have outstanding shaping capabilities

Vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers are generally used in the last phase of the crushing circuit. Metso's family of VSI crushers is called Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers. Due to their ability to produce precisely shaped end products, Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers are most popular among aggregates producers, construction industry and recycling applications – as stationary, portable or mobile versions. In mining operations, Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers are utilized in preparing the material feed for grinding.

High-quality end products

Superior cubical shape.

Increased uptime

Shorter maintenance breaks and longer wear life.

Easy to install and maintain

Minimal foundation requirements, maintenance lifting tools, and inspection door for rotor access.

Safety

Special tools for rotor service and crusher top half lifting.

Original Barmac® B Series™ vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers

Barmac® vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers were the first vertical shaft impactors in the world. The original Barmac® VSI crusher was developed in New Zealand over 40 years ago after which the VSI crushers have spread to thousands of crushing sites around the globe.  

Barmac® VSI crushers have evolved immensely over the years, but their trademark is still the same – accurately shaped end products. 

In addition to the stationary crushers presented on this page, some VSI crusher models are also available as mobile or portable versions.

High-quality end products

The secret behind Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers’ efficiency is the unique crushing process. While most other crushers reduce rocks by pushing them by force against metal, Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers also use the rock fed into the machine to crush itself. 

This autogenous crushing action results in lower cost per ton than any other impact crushing method. Furthermore, rock-on-rock crushing has proven to produce end products that have precise and homogenous shape. 

In addition to traditional rock-on-rock crushing, Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers can nowadays also be equipped with metallic anvils on request. In this case the rock-on-rock cavity ring is replaced with an anvil ring, and the rocks are slung against metal anvils instead of a rock bed. The anvil solution improves reduction ratio and enables finer end products, but the downside is slightly higher wear costs because the anvils must be replaced from time to time.  

Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers accept fines in the feed and allow user to finetune crusher’s performance by changing the rotor speed or cascade ratio. Due to these features and precise reduction, Barmac® VSI crushers are especially useful for producers who are after cubical end products used for example in concrete, asphalt and in groundwork materials.

Moreover, the accurate shaping capabilities have proven worthy in manufactured sand, heap leaching, pre-grinding, industrial minerals, and recycling applications.

  • End products with superior cubical shape
  • Accepts fine feed material

Increased uptime

In Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers the primary path for feed material is through the rotor where it can be accelerated up to 80 m/s (262 ft/s) before being discharged into the crushing chamber. Additionally, material may be cascaded into the crushing chamber, bypassing the rotor.

The cascade feature enables the operator to optimize the capacity and power consumption and to manipulate the product grading and shape to meet the specification requirements.

  • Ability to control product grading
  • Fine-tune product with cascading

Easy to install and maintain

Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers are designed to prolong the lifetime of wear parts and increase the operational availability by reducing the time needed for parts changes.

Service time is drastically reduced with quick access to the rotor parts via an inspection door. The roof lifter and rotor service arm eliminate the need for an external crane in regular maintenance which simplify servicing the internal workings and speed up rotor changes.

  • Low wear costs due to rock-on-rock crushing
  • Metso parts for trouble-free operation

Safety

Simple and reliable automatic lubrication handles the daily greasing of the main shaft, and Metso IC™ crusher automation ensures safe operation and condition monitoring from distance.

  • Multiple features for safer operations and maintenance
Anvil solution
Anvil solution

Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers can be equipped with metallic anvils on request.

In anvil solution the rock-on-rock cavity ring is replaced with an anvil ring.

The anvil solution improves Barmac® VSI crushers’ reduction ratio and enables finer end products, but wear costs are slightly increased since the anvils must be replaced from time to time.   

Barmac® B Series™ vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers' technical specifications

Applications for VSI crushers

Selecting and applying Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers

Selecting and applying a Barmac® VSI crusher correctly requires understanding the economic and application-specific factors. The desired production volumes define the optimal size of the crusher. Rock-on-rock or anvil crushing, on the other hand, results in slightly different end products than normal tertiary and quaternary compression type crushing.

Barmac® VSI crushers produce cubical aggregate that performs well in concrete, asphalt and base mixtures. It can also be considered for fine crushing, particularly for abrasive materials, as it is not mechanically restricted in the same way as compression crushers are at fine settings.

If applied correctly, rock-on-rock crushing offers the lowest wear cost per tonne of any impact crushing method. In most cases, Barmac® VSI crushers are applied in the last crushing phase of any crushing circuit. It is at this stage of the process where the crushing of the final products is performed, be it the production of superior shaped aggregates, manufactured sand, mill feeds, or liberation or separation of a particular mineral from its host rock.

Aggregates production

Different quarries often utilize Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers since they can produce high quality cubical shaped aggregates that meet all major construction specifications. Barmac® VSI crushers are particularly successful in producing road-base, top dressing chip, concrete and asphalt aggregates. In these applications, Barmac® VSI crushers can be operated either in open or closed circuit, depending on the types of aggregates and the specifications required.

Manufactured sand production

Accurate shaping capabilities and acceptance of fines make Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers excellent for manufactured sand production. Rock-on-rock crushing ensure low operating costs, and whenever more reduction is needed, or the feed is coarse, the crusher can be equipped with metallic anvils. Barmac® VSI crushers’ speed is adjustable, so they can also produce very fine end products if required.

Industrial minerals production

With features such as controlled product grading, preferential crushing, low production costs and ability to produce finely graded products, Barmac® VSI crushers can optimize the performance of most industrial mineral processing installations.

In this sector, Barmac® VSI crushers are popular as cost-effective fine crushing equipment for the abrasive materials.

For example, the diamond mines have noticed that utilizing Barmac® VSI crushers simplifies the liberation of diamonds from gangue minerals. In addition, fine crushing cement clinker with Barmac® VSI crushers is gaining popularity since VSI crushers have proven their ability as cost-effective pre-grinders.

Metallic minerals production

In mining metallic minerals, Barmac® VSI crushers with high capacity and ability to produce finely graded products such as mill feed, sinter feed or material for heap leach operations, are ideal machines that can replace high-cost, inefficient crushing and milling equipment.

Adding Barmac® VSI crusher to an existing circuit can save considerably if a plant is looking for increasing production without replacing existing production equipment in a milling circuit.

Waste recycling

Barmac® VSI crushers can outperform many other equipment in recycling applications. These recycled materials can be waste aggregates or demolition waste, slags, or even glass and other waste products that can be processed and sold.

Mobile and portable applications

Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers are also available as mobile and portable versions, which opens up a new range of business opportunities for contractors, quarry operators, recycling and mining applications. In addition to easier mobility, portable and mobile Barmac® B Series™ VSI crushers have advantages such as flexible process adjustability, less material transport required, less manpower needs, and compliance with strict environmental standards.

How others have improved profitability and reduced risks?
VSI crusher spare parts and wear parts

High-quality Barmac® VSI crusher parts are a perfect fit

Original equipment replacement Barmac® B Series™ vertical shaft impact (VSI) crusher parts ensure proper fit, form and function to reduce maintenance issues and increase longevity.

If your equipment fails, productivity of your entire plant is at risk. To avoid such losses, critical replacement parts are readily available when you need them.

Our global distribution logistics network ensure that Metso OEM spare and wear parts are available when you need them.

Metso has a complete offering, for both standard and engineered-to-order parts, ensuring you have the availability and support required. We provide flexible options to secure parts on a one-time basis, as a turn-key service, or anywhere in between.

Spare parts

  • Hopper body
  • Cascade cylinders
  • Feed tubes
  • Crushing chamber
  • Crusher base

Wear parts

  • Liner plates
  • Tip sets
  • Distributor plates
  • Wear plates
  • Anvils
Services for VSI crushers

Maximize your Barmac® VSI crusher’s efficiency, availability and longevity

Metso offers a full portfolio of services to ensure that you get the best out of your Barmac® B Series™ vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers and reach your production goals.

Maintenance and repairs

Proper maintenance is key to running your equipment effectively. Metso offers end-to-end service ranging from inspection and diagnostics, equipment and part repairs, shutdown solutions and planning, as well as emergency services.

Equipment upgrades and retrofits

Improve Barmac® B Series™ vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushers' productivity without having to buy a new machine. Our upgrades are offered as easy-to-implement packages aimed at enhancing safety, operating and maintenance features.

Process optimization and controls

Metso process experts help in solving complex operational issues using analytical techniques, laboratory testing, and advanced control systems. Whether you need to optimize a piece of equipment, a circuit, or your entire plant, we have the tools and technology to help you make it happen.

Life Cycle Services

Metso’s pre-packaged solutions are designed to assist you in meeting your business goals, from start-up to shutdown to end-of-life. We can support you on a specific activity or over a larger scope, combining elements from our large portfolio of services with unique commercial models.

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