Traveling grate process
After feeding the pellets to the traveling grate, the unit operations of green ball drying, concentrate dehydration, partial calcination, and partial induration are performed on a traveling grate, whereupon heat transfer occurs in zones of the grate from the cross flow of process gas (hot air) repeatedly passed through the pellet bed in a modified countercurrent fashion.
The traveling grate is comprised of chain that carries the pellets like a conveyor. The difference is that the grate chain allows air to pass through it. The grate chain travels flat and strait. There are several compartments the pellets are exposed to different heat. Once the pellets are discharged into the kiln the grate chain returns underneath. The grate is driven by a motor with gearbox or hydraulic drive. The grate is supported by rollers.