Metso Full portfolio OKTOP® Atmospheric Reactor
The Metso OKTOP® Atmospheric Reactors are designed based on our deep knowledge of agitation and metallurgical processes. Equipment is based on long term testing and development by Metso and the goal is to provide equipment that offers proven process performance with high efficiency and reliability.
  • Process knowhow as the core competence to provide results
  • Deep knowledge of agitational phenomena to provide efficient operation
  • Ability to delivery reactors equipped with auxiliary equipment such as HX baffles
  • Unique instrumentation enables dynamic control of agitation based on the process conditions 
OKTOP® Atmospheric Reactor
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The Metso OKTOP Atmospheric Reactor is a mixing tank used in the hydrometallurgical process. The pressure inside the tank is at an atmospheric level, usually at a slightly negative pressure.

The reactor consist of two units:

  • Tank unit    
  • Agitator unit    

Solids suspension and gas dispersion

The slurry inside the tank often contains solids in varying concentrations. These solids have to be suspended within the solution inside the tank. In some processes, gas is injected into the reactor. The gas agitator disperses it into smaller bubbles to allow efficient use. Metso has carried out a wide array of investigations for both agitational duties and can offer proven, reliable equipment. For example, the OKTOP 2000 series agitators have been specifically designed to operate in conditions with high solids content and gas dispersion rates.

Sustainable agitation

The mixing energy is selected based on the application, for example, low energy hydrofoil impellers for solid suspension ensuring low energy consumption. The use of a VFD in order to optimize operation is recommended. This can be further increased in solid suspension operation by utilizing Metso OKTOP SandSense and CloudSense.

Metso's OKTOP dispersion agitators provide high gas utilization in dispersion, even in situations where high solids are present in the solution. This means less power is used in gas compression and feeding the tanks. Also, less equipment is needed for the gas feed.

Typically, materials used in the reactor allow for a high recycling percentage at the end of the life cycle.

Novel features to enhance operation

In addition to the tank and agitator we can offer functionality enhancing components to the reactor such as heating and cooling baffles, gas distributors and novel features such as the formed bottom to reduce mixing energy in solids suspension and SandSense to control the agitation speed dynamically to produce just the right amount of energy needed for the mixing task in any given time

Good example is a CIL reactor used in cyanide leaching process, Metso can provide all equipment for the reactor enhanced with our proprietary instrumentation to monitor carbon behavior and solids suspension inside the reactor.

Accessories for the reactors

The reactors can be equipped with accessories to improve agitation or to perform other tasks. The corrugated bottom is an innovative new patent-pending design of the tank bottom that reduces the required agitational power to keep solid particles suspended.

In cases where heating or cooling of the tank is required, we can offer heat exchange baffles. Heating may be carried out with either steam or a liquid solution. Cooling is most typically performed with water.

Constant improvement of the products have been driving force in OKTOP® development in last decade. In recent years we have released improving features to our tank design to further improve the operation of the core components, tank and agitator.

Agitational control

Metso is providing a new and novel technology for monitoring solid suspension inside the tank, the OKTOP® SandSense and OKTOP® CloudSense. The instruments offered can be used to optimize energy consumption for the agitation while minimizing agitator wear cased by the solid particles in the solution. With this new process information it’s possible to implement an advanced process control at the DCS.

SandSense is used to monitor sanding at the bottom of the tank, it is especially suitable for just suspended cases or cases where larger than specified particles may be coming to tank, if there is process disturbances upstream of the reactor.

CloudSense us used to monitor suspension in the whole tank, especially suitable when full or almost full suspension is required.

While utilizing the instrument the process disturbances up stream can be noticed => possibility to adjust the operation before harm is caused and to prevent tank sanding.

Flow bottom

The flow bottom assists in solids suspension, lowering the agitational requirement needed for full suspension conditions dramatically. This has energy saving but most importantly saves agitator wear and in CIL reactors.

Gas sparging

For high efficiency gas dispersion we offer Cone sparger, Gas Dispergator and Sonic Sparger. We always select best choice based case requirements

HX Baffles

HX baffles are utilized to heat and cool the solution inside reactors. There are two main models. HX baffle for operation with steam to heat solution and HX baffle for operation with liquid (water or others) mainly used on cooling of the solution but has also been on heating duties.


Launder is utilized in OKTOP® Plant unit to connect 3 or more reactors to provide flexibility . Different launder designs are available depending on the process.

Sand Gate

Sand gate is a special feature for cases where there is risk of out of sized particle size coming to a reactor with over flow outlet.

OKTOP® case studies, blogs & webinars

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